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Address: Sobek Travel
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The Mystic of Turkey and Georgia

We will explore 2 different country଩fe style with this tour. First Turkey The nature in Turkey is a humanized landscape inseparable from its culture. Nevertheless, to the outsider, nature in many parts of Turkey gives a new meaning to wilderness, because even in the most inaccessible or isolated parts(such as the high mountain tops or the secret places in the valleys ) the visitors remains with the feeling that sometimes in history this place, now wild and untended, was the home to a civilizations with settled villages and city life for nine thousand years. Then Georgia: known to Greeks and Romans as Kolkheti ( western part of the country ) and Iberia ( eastern part ), adopted Christianity in the IV century under the influence of Byzantium. when Georgia was conquered by foreigners. Russia, which started annexation of this region in 1801 and finished it in 1917, was the last among such conquerors. Georgia formed a part of the Soviet Union from 1921, but it became an independent Soviet Republic of the Soviet Union in 1936.

Program 15 days:

Day 1: Trabzon
Meet the group at the airport and transfer to the hotel.

Day 2 : Sumela Monastery ⩺e
In the morning we drive to Sumela Monastery is built into a cave on the face of a cliff overlooking a verdant valley . According to legends, two monks from Athens, Barnabas and his nephew Sophronius laid the foundations for this monastery. After the death of the two monks around 412, the monastery became a holy side for both Orthodox and Caiholic Christians, After the Roman Empire split into two, Byzantine Emperor Justinian ordered the fortifications of Trabzon and expansion of the monastery and donated a rich library to the monks. After visiting we arrive to Rize. Overnight in Rize

Day 3 : Rize- Georgia : Batumi
After visiting the city , we drive to Georgia and we stop in Batumi, city in southwestern Georgia, capital of Ajaria autonomous region, a port on the Black Sea, near Turkey. Bat'umi is a transport center for petroleum from Baku, Azerbaijan, with which it is linked by rail and by pipelines. Industries include oil refining, shipbuilding, and food processing. With a subtropical climate, beaches, and scenic surrounding countryside, the city is also a popular health resort. Bat'umi was the site of an ancient Greek settlement. It was held by the Ottoman Turks from the 16th century until 1878, when it passed to Russia following the Russo-Turkish War. Population (1990 estimate) 137,000.

Day 4 : Georgia - Kutaisi
Kutaisi is one of the most beautiful and ancient Georgian cities situated in West Georgia on both banks of the picturesque Rioni river. The city itself is mentioned in the ancient Greek "Argos" epos as the capital of old Kolkheti . Kutaisi has contributed much into the process of Georgian unification. In the VIII century it becomes the capital of West Georgia, while in the X century 䨥 capital of united Georgia headed by King bagrat III. At the age of 16 the strongest Georgian king David the Builder has been crowned here. Overnight in Kutaisi

Day 5 : Ahiska
Ahalchihe in georgian means new castle. Ahiska is a city in Georgia 15 km from the border. It became ottoman in the XVII. century and got under russian rule in 1828 with the Edirne treaty . Overnight in Ahiska

Day 6 : Turkey - Kars
In the morning transfer to Turkey and arrive to Kars, is a commercial hub as well as an administrative centre. We will visit the museum of Kars exhibit some antiquity example of Branze times, some ceramic example of Seljuk times etc. We explore the town dominated by a medieval fortress built in 1152 it was the scene of bitter fighting during and after WW1 and is still an active military base. Overnight hotel

Day 7 : Kars 䯧ubeyazit
We drive to Ani to visit the fascinating old site of Ani. Also we have an arranged side-trip to explore the old Armenian ruins of Ani, some 56 km away. Once a wealthy rival of Kars but now a 稯st townथstroyed by the Mongol orders in 1239, within the city walls are the remnant of churches, a convent and citadel. Ruined 1000 years-old churches contain remarkable wall paintings and sculptured decorations representing some of the finest ecclesiastical architecture of the 9th and 10th centuries. After visit driving to Dogubeyazit that is close to the Iranian border and famous with Ishakpasa Palace. We visit Ishakpasa Palace , Ottoman governor Ishakpasa constructed the palace in 17th century with a mixture of architectural styles. The palace was made by using red clay stones and it resembles the Topkapi and Edirne Palace.. Overnight hotel

Day 8 : Dogubeyazit - Van
Today, we start our long journey to Van is one the most important cities of the old Vaspurakan region. It is located on the east coast of Van lake and its ancient name is Tooshpa; the Urartian capital of Tuspa. Van Lake is the largest lake in Turkey . Overnight hotel

Day 9 : Akdamar Island - Bitlis
W e go to Akdamar Island (a half-hour sail from shore) is the most important of these. On the island stands the 10th-century Church of the Holy Cross, Architect monk Manuel built the church between the years 915 and 921.The Church, consecrated in honour of the holy cross. Reliefs, depicting scenes from the Old and New Testaments, daily Iife such as hunting, run along the exterior of the church.Afetr visit we drive to Bitlis . Bitlis was under the domination of the Assyrians until the 7th century BC and under the Meds until the 6th century BC. Later, after the formation of the Persian Kingdom, Darius II conquered the province. Until the seventh century, it was governed by autonomous princes under Byzantine rule. It was eventually conquered by the Turks. Overnight hotel.

Day 10 : Hasankeyf Ფin
In the morning transfer to Hasankeys ruins , the capital of artukids in12 century .the bridge, which once spanned the Dicle (tigris) and connected the two parts of the city with ruined palace inside the citadel, evokes the ghosts of a vanished dynasty. Afetr visit arrive to Mardin province was founded on a hill and is one of the oldest cities of the Upper Mesopotamia. Overnight hotel

Day 11 : Mardin - Urfa
Mardin Castle: This castle was constructed by Hamdani nation in AD 975 - 976 years. There is a mosque, bath, dungeon and numerous warehouses inside the castle. Only 7 km east of Mardin is the Syriac ꡣobite Monastery of Deyrulzaferan which was once a thriving religious community. Ulu Mosque is one of the best example of artukid architecture, has superb mihrap reliefs and beautiful portal. Drive to Urfa. Overnight hotel

Day 12 : Harran 롨ta
Arrive to Harran , the ancient and glorious Edessa and Harran are places dear to Christians, Jews and Muslims. From Harran, Charan in the Bible, Abraham may have departed in search of the promised land in 1850 B.C. The Haul Rahman Cami mosque, dates from the 17th century. The mosque is surrounded by a large arched pool known as the Pool of Abraham. It is full of carp which are thought to be sacred fishes. Urfa͊ archaeological museum has a fine collection of mosaics, inscriptions, panels from the Koran and Haded, Assyrian and Roman artifacts. There are unusual and fanciful beehive-shaped houses at Harran, made of mud from the local earth which was once fertile. Three polygonal towers survive on the fortress which was rebuilt by the Crusaders in the eleventh century on the site of the temple to the Moon goddess Sin. After visit return to Urfa and driving to Kahta. Overnight hotel

Day 13 : Mt Nemrut 䩹arbakir
In the morning we drive to Mt. Nemrut is the most outstanding landmark of the region, reaching a height of 2150 meters. On its summit there exist the tumulus of Antiochus I, constructed in the 1st century, is one of the king of Commagene kingdom , along status of Apollo, Fortuna, Hercules and Zeus, shows that he saw himself as a divinity. Also, gigantic toppled heads of Apollo, Zeus, Hercules, Tyche and Antiochus from Greco-Persian style stone statues stand on the ground all of these date from same period. Then we continue the visit Karakus Tepesi is actually a 21 meter high monumental tumulus, located 49 km east of Ad᭡n on a hill on the western side of the Kanto River. The name Karakus (Black Bird) comes from an eagle statue that stands on a 2.54-meter high column. Then we continue the visit Cendere bridge, one of the major tributaries of the Euphrates. This structure, constructed during the period of Roman Emperor Septimus Severus is built of 92 large stones and has a large and small arch. Drive to Diyarbakir known in ancient times as Amida, spreads across a basalt plateau close to the banks Dicle river. We will visit the Ulu Mosque , built by the Seljuk sultan Melik Shah, is notable for its original plan and for its utilization of Byzantine and more ancient architectural materials . The mihrap of the nearby Mesudiye Medrese is made of the local black basalt. The third century Aramaic Church of the Virgin Mary which is still in use today. Overnight at hotel. Overnight hotel

Day 14 : ݳtanbul
After breakfast transfer to the airport and fly to ݳtanbul Istanbul is the only city in the world which embraces two continents, one arm reaching out into Asia, the other into Europe. After installation to the hotel , we commence our tour with visiting of Topkap࡬ace, is administrative palace of the Ottoman Dynasty, that rule on three continents for centuries. Amaze of buildings at the centre of the Ottoman Empire between the 15th and 19th centuries. In these opulent surroundings, the sultans and their court lived and governed. Continue to visiting with Sultanahmet Mosque (Blue Mosque) is more familiarly known as Blue Mosque because its interior gleams with a magnificent panelling of blue. It has 6 minarets and very nice cupolas. it was built by architect Mehmet between 1609 and 1616. Overnight at hotel

Day 15 : Return
Transfert to the airport and fly home.

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